Seven bits of information about Cancer
1) Cancer is caused by irregular cells in the body. These malformed cells invade surrounding tissues, grow uncontrollably, and sometimes spread to other areas of the body. These cells are called cancerous cells, or malignant cells, and can affect any tissue or organ in the body.
2) Although most people hear about the more well-known forms of cancer: lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, and colon cancer, there are many, many types of cancer, well over 100 different types. Treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.
3) In the United States, men are most affected by prostate cancer and women are most affected by breast cancer. Children are most affected by leukemia.
4) While cancer is responsible for about 30 percent of deaths in the United States, lung cancer is responsible for over 25 percent of those cancer deaths. The American Cancer Society reported that in 2007 over 7.5 million people died from cancer. Worldwide, cancer is responsible for over 12 percent of human deaths.
5) Unfortunately, lifestyle factors are greatly responsible for cancer deaths; eating a processed diet with very little whole vegetables or fruits, being obese, drinking alcohol, and smoking tobacco are all risk factors in developing cancer that could be avoided (Interestingly enough, on this topic, I spoke with an ENT I know and he said that minus risk factors such as smoking and alcohol, a person typically had very little risk of developing a form of oral cancer).
6) There are many symptoms and signs of cancer to look for. If you have any of these signs, see your doctor right away: persistent indigestion or difficulty swallowing, a sore that won’t heal, changes in your bladder or bowel habits, a lump in the body, cough or hoarseness that will not go away, a mole or wart that changes appearance, loss of appetite and weight, as well as persistent headaches, fever, fatigue or nausea.
7) An oncologist is a doctor that studies the branch of medicine dealing with cancer, otherwise known as oncology. Oncologists can diagnose, treat, and work to prevent cancer.
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