Saturday, September 08, 2007

Lymphoma Social Security Disability SSI - Applying for Disability

This is an informational page about Lymphoma. For information about the social security administration's disability programs (There are two programs which are social security disability and SSI. One is based on eligibility as a result of past work activity and the other is a need-based program for those who do not qualify for Social security disability), you may follow the link at the top of the page that leads to Disability

Lymphoma is not a single cancer, but a group of cancers with similar symptoms, which account for about five percent of all diagnosed cancer in the United States. All lymphomas involve the lymphatic system including lymph nodes areas and other lymphatic organs.

Generally, lymphoma is classified into two major types Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Hodgkin’s lymphoma accounts for less than one percent of all lymphoma cases, and is the easiest to cure. In fact, ninety three percent of all Hodgkin’s cases are cured with a chemotherapy mix.

Usually, Hodgkin’s lymphoma affects younger individuals fifteen to thirty five, and older persons over the age of fifty-five.

Symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease can include weight loss, fatigue, pain, itchy skin, and, in a small percentage of the cases, there may be liver enlargement.

Hodgkin’s disease is staged into four levels that are determined by lymph node area and extra lymph node involvement. The prognosis for individuals with Hodgkin’s disease is in general good, however an individuals chance of remaining free from Hodgkin’s disease for five years depends upon five adverse factors: age of forty five or older, diagnosed at Stage IV, hemoglobin count of less than 10.5, lymphocyte count of less than 600, albumin level of less than 4.0, white blood cell count of less than fifteen thousand, and being male.

If the individual has none of these factors, they have an eighty four percent chance of surviving five years. However, each adverse factor takes seven percent away from that number. Consequently, an individual who has all five adverse factors has about a forty-two percent chance of remaining cancer free for five years.

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma accounts for all of the remaining diagnosed cases of lymphoma in the United States. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Non- Hodgkin’s disease shares many similarities with Hodgkin’s lymphoma; however pathological characteristics and identifiable risk factor differ from Hodgkin’s disease.

Non- Hodgkin’s disease is divided into three types: low grade, aggressive, and highly aggressive. The paradox of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is that low-grade lymphoma is not considered curable, however aggressive and highly aggressive lymphoma may be curable with chemotherapy, radiation, and possibly a bone arrow transplant.

Treatment options for both Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Non- Hodgkin’s lymphoma involve chemotherapy and radiation.

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